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February 06 2013, 10:57PM

Most Asian markets have closed higher following big losses in the previous session, with Tokyo surging as the yen tumbled after Bank of Japan (BoJ) governor Masaaki Shirakawa said he would step down early.

Traders also took a lead from Wall Street and Europe, where encouraging economic data offset concerns over political uncertainty in Spain and Italy.

Tokyo soared 3.37 per cent, or 416.83 points, to 11,463.75 - its highest close since September 2008 after the collapse of US bank Lehman Brothers at the height of the global financial crisis.

Sydney climbed 0.78 per cent, or 38.3 points, to 4,921.0 and Hong Kong added 0.47 per cent, or 108.40 points, to 23,256.93, while Shanghai ended flat, edging up 1.35 points to 2,434.48. But Seoul lost 1.99 points to close at 1,936.19.

Wellington was closed for a public holiday.

Japanese foreign exchange traders welcomed Shirakawa's announcement that he would step down on March 19, about three weeks before the end of his term.

It fuelled expectations that Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will likely fill the post with someone who shares his ideas on aggressive monetary easing that would see more yen pumped into the economy.

The Japanese currency tumbled in New York. By the end of trade on Tuesday the dollar bought Y93.61 and the euro was at Y127.13, compared with Y92.28 and Y124.67 earlier in the day in Tokyo.

In afternoon Tokyo trade on Wednesday the US dollar bought Y93.70 and the euro fetched Y126.90.

Yen "weakness has resumed with a vengeance", National Australia Bank said.

The euro was also at $US1.3522, compared with $US1.3582 in New York and much stronger than the $US1.3489 on Tuesday in Tokyo.

Major Japanese exporters have been raising their earnings outlooks thanks to recent weakness in the yen, heartening investors.

"Global markets continue to normalise, allowing risk-on trading to resume," said SMBC Nikko Securities general manager of equities Hiroichi Nishi.

"This is partially reflected in the fall of the yen," he told Dow Jones Newswires.

Regional markets resumed their upward trend after suffering a heavy jolt on Tuesday after Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy was forced to deny corruption claims.

A surge in the polls for the party of former Italian premier Silvio Berlusconi, who has said he would roll back recent austerity measures, spooked markets ahead of an election this month.

However, encouraging data showed US services sector activity rising and the contraction in eurozone business activity decelerating.

Wall Street rebounded after diving on Tuesday as the Dow sits close to record highs. The Dow ended 0.71 per cent higher, the S&P 500 climbed 1.04 per cent and the Nasdaq rose 1.29 per cent.

In Europe markets on Tuesday recovered some of the huge losses suffered in the previous session.

Oil prices fell, with New York's main contract, light sweet crude for delivery in March, down 28 cents to $US96.38 a barrel and Brent North Sea crude for March delivery losing five cents to $US116.47.

Gold was at $1,670.27 at 1035 GMT (2135 AEDT) compared with $US1,678.01 late on Tuesday.

In other markets:

- Mumbai's Sensex index fell 0.10 per cent, or 20.10 points, to 19,639.72.

The world's biggest miner, Coal India, fell 2.03 per cent to 342.4 rupees and engineering giant Bharat Heavy Electricals fell 1.72 per cent to 208.55 rupees.

- Kuala Lumpur shares lost 1.18 per cent, or 19.21 points, to close at 1,614.14.

Axiata Group dipped 2.1 per cent to 6.16 ringgit, while CIMB Group Holdings fell 0.6 per cent to 7.15. UMW Holdings gained 0.2 per cent to 12.20 ringgit.

- Jakarta ended up 0.44 per cent, or 19.54 points, at 4,498.98.

Asia Pacific Fibers rose 1.04 per cent to 194 rupiah, Indofood Sukses Makmur climbed 4.96 per cent to 6,350 rupiah, while carmaker Astra International slumped 0.66 per cent to 7,550 rupiah.

- Singapore's Straits Times Index closed up 0.12 per cent, or 3.87 points, to 3,276.53.

DBS Group shed 1.58 per cent to Sg$14.96 and Wilmar International dipped 2.90 per cent to Sg$3.68.

- Bangkok lost 0.36 per cent, or 5.37 points, to 1,500.35.

Kiatnakin Bank added 2.64 per cent to 58.25 baht, while oil company PTT dropped 1.63 per cent to 361.00 baht.

- Taipei rose 0.25 per cent, or 19.71 points, at 7,906.65.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. gained 1.94 per cent to Tw$105.0 while Hon Hai Precision was 0.60 per cent higher at Tw$83.6.

- Manila closed 0.60 per cent lower, shedding 39.14 points to 6,431.35.

SM Prime Holdings lost 3.85 per cent to 17.46 pesos, Alliance Global fell 0.24 per cent to 20.45 pesos and Ayala Land gave up 2.31 per cent to 29.60 pesos.